Analytical Available Bandwidth Estimation in Wireless Ad-hoc Networks Considering Mobility in 3-Dimensional Space

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. Mukta
Neeraj Gupta


Estimation of available bandwidth for ad hoc networks has always been open and active challenge for the researchers. A lot of literature is proposed in the last 20 years to evaluate the residual bandwidth. The main objective of the work being admission of new flow in the network with the constraint that any existing current transmission is not affected. One of the prime factors affecting the estimation process is the collision among packets. These collisions trigger the backoff algorithm that leads to wastage of the usable bandwidth. Although a lot of state of art solutions were proposed, but they suffer from various flaws and shortcoming. Other factor contributing to the inaccuracy in existing solution is the mobility of nodes. Node mobility leads to instability of links leading to data losses and delay which impact the bandwidth. The current paper proposes an analytical approach named Analytical Available Bandwidth Estimation Including Mobility (AABWM) to estimate ABW on a link. The major contributions of the proposed work are: i) it uses mathematical models based on renewal theory to calculate the collision probability of data packets which makes the process simple and accurate, ii) consideration of mobility under 3-D space to predict the link failure and provides an accurate admission control. Extensive simulations in NS-2 are carried out to compare the performance of the proposed model against the existing solutions.

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