Hate Speech Detection in Low-Resource Bodo and Assamese Texts with ML-DL and BERT Models

Main Article Content

Koyel Ghosh
Apurbalal Senapati
Mwnthai Narzary
Maharaj Brahma


Hate speech detection research is a recent sizzling topic in natural language processing (NLP). Unburdened uses of social media platforms make people over-opinionative, which crosses the limit of leaving comments and posts toxic. A toxic outlook increases violence towards the neighbour, state, country, and continent. Several laws have been introduced in different countries to end the emergency problem. Now, all the media platforms have started working on restricting hate posts or comments. Hate speech detection is generally a text classification problem if considered a supervised observation. To tackle text in terms of computation perspective is challenging because of its semantic and complex grammatical nature. Resource-rich languages leverage their richness, whereas resource scarce language suffers significantly from a lack of dataset. This paper makes a multifaceted contribution encompassing resource generation, experimentation with Machine Learning (ML), Deep Learning (DL) and state-of-the-art transformer-based models, and a comprehensive evaluation of model performance, including thorough error analysis. In the realm of resource generation, it adds to the North-East Indian Hate Speech tagged dataset (NEIHS version 1), which encompasses two languages: Assamese and Bodo.

Article Details

Special Issue - Sentiment Analysis and Affective computing in Multimedia Data on Social Network